Climate change is having an impact on almost every facet of Nepal’s development across the country. While most of Nepal’s population will be affected by climate change in some way, the impacts will differ for women and men based on their social and economic roles, and their access to resources to adapt. Diverse social groups – in particular more vulnerable, disadvantaged populations– are highly dependent on natural resources for their livelihoods and so will experience climate change impacts more intensely. Climate resilient planning is an opportunity to examine more closely the factors that make women and disadvantaged groups more vulnerable to climate change and put in place measures to
Thirty government officials from the Ministry of Population and Environment and five sector departments (Department of Irrigation, Roads, Local Infrastructure and Agricultural Roads, Water Supply and Sewerage, Urban Development and Building Construction and Water Induced Disaster Prevention) participated in a four-day training While the Government of Nepal Rather than accepting this status quo, 30 government officials joined at the start of a four-day training event organized by the Ministry of Population and Environment (MOPE) under the Mainstreaming Climate Change Risk Management in Development (MCCRMD).
Government officials from climate-sensitive infrastructure sectors are grappling with how to improve their planning processes to better manage the risks associated with climate change. Under MCCRMD, the department officials have learned how to prioritize adaptation measures for more climate resilient infrastructure planning. In the GESI integration training, theyare looking more deeply at the differing impacts of climate change on women, men and diverse social groups and how to address these difference in their sector adaptation plans of action.
“Nepal is highly vulnerable to climate change. It is an global problem but Nepal must find its own solutions. This effort will take the cooperation of everyone together – women, men, all social and ethnic groups. This training is an opportunity for you to share knowledge across sectors on climate change adaptation for women, men, Dalits, Janajaati and all of Nepal’s population,” stated Mr. Lamsal Prasad, Joint Secretary MOPE and Natinoal Project Direcor MCCRMD, in his opening address.
During the training program, participants discussed concepts of gender equality, social inclusion, vulnerability, risks and climate resilience. Having built a common understanding of these issues, the trainees organized into sector groups and commenced a step by step process to develop a results-based plan to integrate GESI into one of their adaptation programs. With this approach, trainees made a start on integrating GESI into their day to day work.
“The participants need to apply themselves in this training – it is not a question of feeding information but creating a space for them to reflect, share and plan actions for integrating GESI,” explained Dibya Gurung MCCRMD Gender Specialist. “As sector specialists, they have the technical knowledge but the social and gender issues in Nepal are complex. Having time to discuss with other colleague facing similar challenge will help them to clarify their strategies and move toward concrete results”
“This training approach is transferring useful skills to make adaptation planning more inclusive,” noted training participant Deepa Gautam, Senior Divisional Engineer, Department of Water Induced Disaster Prevention, “We need to extend such training to district officers to better integrate gender and social inclusion issues into their work at the community level.”
On the final day, each sector group presented the GESI action plan for their adaptation program and committed to moving it forward in their respective departments.